The word in question is the Greek word hagiasmos. It appears ten times in the New Testament. It means to be dedicated to God’s service. It is the equivalent of the Old Testament kadosh which means to be holy. Sometimes the English Bible translates hagiasmos as holiness sometimes sanctification.

Ok, here’s the rub for the Messianic/Hebrew roots community; The Calvinists use these verses to show that one must work to become holy, where the Arminians teach that holiness is imputed to us by the work of the cross.

I am speaking in human terms, because of your natural limitations. For just as you once yielded your members to impurity and to greater and greater iniquity, so now yield your members to righteousness for sanctification. Rom. 6:19

But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves of God, the return you get is sanctification and its end, eternal life. Rom. 6:22 

He is the source of your life in Christ Jesus, whom God made our wisdom, our righteousness and sanctification and redemption; 1Cor. 1:30

For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from unchastity; 4 that each one of you know how to take a wife for himself in holiness and honor, 1Th. 4:3-4

For God has not called us for uncleanness, but in holiness. 1Th. 4:7

But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God chose you from the beginning to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. 2Th. 2:13 

Yet woman will be saved through bearing children, if she continues in faith and love and holiness, with modesty. 1Tim. 2:15

Strive for peace with all men, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord. Heb. 12:14

. . . chosen and destined by God the Father and sanctified by the Spirit for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you. 1Pet. 1:2

After reading through the verses there will be those of you who just realized for the first time in your life that you are a Calvinist, we’re truly sorry. (We here at Biet Sepher are firm Cal-arminians.) We hold that both views are absolutely true. At the same time, they are absolutely irreconcilable. Predestination vs. Freewill is one of Paul’s mysteries of the faith. They are opposite sides of the same coin.

So now that we are Calvinists we probably should look at Calvin’s Institutes on this. Book 2, chapter 7, paragraphs 7-12.

If you read the whole thing you will run into a word that you will probably be unfamiliar with, but that every Messianic/Hebrew roots should know. It is the word, Antinomian. It is a Christian heresy and you’re going to just love it. (There is nothing so sweet in a debate as when your enemy provides you with their own slanderous designation.) Anti means, “Opposed to,” nomean means, “the Law,” together it is the name for “those that reject the Law.” These are the people who hold that Christians are under no obligation to obey the Law. (See Also; Lawlessness)

The Three Uses of the Law

Civil, Salvation, and Obedience

  1. The Law restrains evil, even though the Law does not change the heart, it denounces, and pronounces punishment on those that are unchanged. The Law allows for earthly justice and promises a final judgment before a just God.
  2. The Law is a mirror where we discover our faults, and see the pure ugliness of our sin, and how far we have fallen from God’s ideals. It is not the mirror’s fault that our ugliness shows, just as it is not the Laws fault that we have missed the mark.
  3. The Law reveals what is pleasing to our Lord. It directs us to the proper ways in which we should seek to please Him, and avoid offending Him. This is the highest function of the Law. It is the instructions on how to honor and glorify our King.

. . . but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments. Deut. 5:10

“If you love me, you will keep my commandments. John 14:15 

“For it is the best instrument for enabling them daily to learn with greater truth and certainty what that will of the Lord is which they aspire to follow, and to confirm them in this knowledge; just as a servant who desires with all his soul to approve himself to his master, must still observe, and be careful to ascertain his master’s dispositions, that he may comport himself in accommodation to them. Let none of us deem ourselves exempt from this necessity, for none have as yet attained to such a degree of wisdom, as that they may not, by the daily instruction of the Law, advance to a purer knowledge of the Divine will.” Calvin’s Institutes Book 2, chapter 7, paragraph 12. 

It is our duty to obey our King.