The Holy Spirit is Omnipresent

As a member of the Trinity the Holy spirit must be omnipresent, however there are few verses that indicate that this is so. There is alway Gen 1 where the Holy Spirit hovers over the face of the deep, but that seems more about protecting the waters than being omnipresent.

Most verses that deal with the Holy Spirit are about His role as comforter. How He indwells people and occasionally where He leaves people. There is one however that indicates that although He may leave us we can never leave His presents.

7 Whither shall I go from thy Spirit? Or whither shall I flee from thy presence? 8 If I ascend to heaven, thou art there! If I make my bed in Sheol, thou art there! 9 If I take the wings of the morning and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, 10 even there thy hand shall lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. Psa. 139:7-10

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The Holy Spirit is Omniscient

It is the Holy Spirit that reveals the future to the prophets.

And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me in the vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldea, to the exiles. Then the vision that I had seen went up from me. Ezek. 11:24

25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 And inspired by the Spirit he came into the temple; and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the law, 28 he took him up in his arms and blessed God and said, 29 “Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word; 30 for mine eyes have seen thy salvation 31 which thou hast prepared in the presence of all peoples, 32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to thy people Israel.” Luke 2:25-32

Just when we think we have a grasp on the Trinity we run into something like this:

10 God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God.  11 For what person knows a man’s thoughts except the spirit of the man which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 1Cor. 2:10-11

The Holy Spirit is Omnipotent

And the angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God. Luke 1:35 

This is the only verse that theologians give for the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit. They purposely limit themselves to just the New Testament. Because it is only in the New Testament that the term Holy Spirit occurs. The Old Testament term is the Spirit of God.

The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters. Gen. 1:2

This indicates that the Holy Spirit was present at creation, and took on the role of protector. The Hebrew word translated as hover is rechaf it is used only two other times.

Like an eagle that stirs up its nest, that flutters over its young, spreading out its wings, catching them, bearing them on its pinions, Deut. 32:11

The word for eagle is actually a vulture in the Hebrew, but I suppose either way the mother is very protective of her young. On the day they leave the nest the parents fly under the young in case they weaken and need a little help to stay in the air. So our God provides us with assurance that He will be there for us in the hour of our need, providing us with the words to give in our defense.

But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. John 14:26

This same action of the Holy Spirit can cause one to shake on the inside. As Jeremiah considers the spiritual adultly of his people.

Concerning the prophets: My heart is broken within me, all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, like a man overcome by wine, because of the LORD and because of his holy words. Jer. 23:9 

Although Jeremiah’s heart was broken, the people who actually saw Messiah were not shaken. He was just not as impressive as they had imagined. His kingdom was not physical, it was wholly spiritual. Instead they accused Him of using the powers of Satan. They did not know their King and therefore could not perceive His kingdom.

But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. Matt. 12:28

The Holy Spirit is God

holy-spirit-in-sky_1939_1044x768This is standard Christian Theology yet there are still some who just will not sign on. The Bible is clear and plain that the Holy Spirit is God, anyone teaching otherwise is a hieratic.
Peter equates the Holy Spirit with God.

3 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back part of the proceeds of the land? 4 While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? How is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.” Acts 5:3-4

God has chosen to reveal His plans and purposes to man in a progressive manner. (See Also: Hermeneutics) While worship was centralized with the temple while it was still standing, we had no need to understand clearly the person of the Holy Spirit. However once we moved out into the whole world we needed a Comforter to witness to our hearts, so Jeremiah the prophet explained.

But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it upon their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Jer. 31:33
14 For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are sanctified. 14 And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying, 15 “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put my laws on their hearts, and write them on their minds,” Heb. 10:14-16

The veil that was the written Law was, is now a living experience with the Spirit residing in us.

16 Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 2Cor. 3:16-17

The Holy Spirit/Ruach haKodesh

holy-spirit-in-sky_1939_1044x768The Study of the Holy Spirit is called Pneumatology, it derives from the Greek word pneuma, meaning spirit, wind, or breath.

Christianity is the only religion with anything like a Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Godhead, He is co-equal, co-eternal, co-existent with the Father and the Son, making Him just as beyond our understanding as the other members of the Godhead.

FYI: We have a simple answer for those questioning the doctrine of the Trinity. The Bible makes it quite clear that the Father is God, and that the Son is God, and that the Holy Spirit is God. It is also quite clear that there is only one God. You want a god you can understand we recommend Zeus. We are finite while His is infinite. There are just somethings that are beyond our ability to understand, the nature of God being one of them.

The Comforter

The Holy Spirit is given no name in Scripture. He has no name because the name we are to call upon is the Messiah’s. “Holy Spirit” is a title and is always a neuter noun. He is also called parakletos i.e. The Comforter/Helper/Counselor and that is a masculine noun in greek grammar.

16 And I will pray the Father, and he will give you another Counselor, to be with you for ever, 17 even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you. John 14:16-17

But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. John 14:26

But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me; John 15:26

7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. 8 And when he comes, he will convince the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: John 16:7-8

13 When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. 14 He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you. 15 All that the Father has is mine; therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you. John 16:13-15

The Holy Spirit works to provide us with comfort or help while we are physically apart from Messiah. It is He who convinces the world of sin, and not our words.

. . . it is the Spirit himself bearing witness with our spirit that we are children of God, Rom. 8:16

Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with sighs too deep for words. Rom. 8:26